Two-by-four wood is widely used as wall studs and material for framing construction work. But after a woodworking project, there would 2×4 scraps that you’ll need to get rid of. This leads us to the biggest question: can you burn 2×4 in fireplace?
The answer actually depends on the type of 2×4 wood you have in hand. In this post, I will discuss what you need to know before burning this type of wood indoors.
How is 2×4 wood made?
The 2×4 lumber we can find in local supply stores is made of various softwood species. The most common are fir, pine, and hemlock.
These logs would be chopped into 2×4 pieces, followed by the milling process. However, due to the milling process and the fact that manufacturers want to get more from each log, it’s not always exactly 2” x 4”. In fact, those you’ll find in Home Depot and Lowes are around 1.5” x 3.5” to keep things standard across the industry.
Once the lumber is trimmed and cut to the desired size, it will be subjected to the drying phase. This is done to remove the moisture in wood so that it won’t be prone to rot or shrinkage. Some of these timbers can also undergo curing, which involves treating the wood with chemicals to make it last longer.
After that, the timbers would be stamped and banded based on grade. This is the finished product you’ll get from retail stores.
Is it safe to burn 2×4 wood in the fireplace?
The main concern in burning specific types of wood in fireplaces is the risk of toxic fumes. For one, homeowners have to be very careful as burning wood can produce carbon monoxide.
Carbon monoxide is an odorless and colorless gas that’s so potent it could kill a person within hours of exposure. And since it’s odorless, many individuals don’t even know that they are exposed to it.
This is aside from toxic fumes like formaldehyde, benzene, and hydrocarbons.
However, the good news is that most 2×4 wood doesn’t emit these toxic gasses. At least, untreated ones. It’s safe to say that you can burn this type of wood in the fireplace. However, proper caution must be observed to avoid any potential problems.
Just make sure that the 2×4 wood isn’t treated with any curing substance. Also, you should ensure that the 2×4 is made of solid wood and not pressure-treated materials.
What happens when you burn 2×4 in a fireplace
Keep in mind that 2×4 isn’t designed as fireplace fuel. Here are some things to remember before you toss a chunk of 2×4 into the fire:
- It creates a large fire. First of all, 2×4 has a lot of resin, especially pine, which can create a large fire up your chimney. If you’re not careful, this could catch your house on fire.
- It emits a lot of smoke. Even if it’s not treated, 2×4 wood produces a lot of smoke, which will cover your chimney in soot. This isn’t the safest thing, especially if you’re reluctant to clean it up. In addition, it will directly increase your risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.
- It leaves few coals. One of the reasons why 2×4 isn’t a good fuel for fireplaces is because it leaves very few coals. Once the wood has been engulfed by fire, you’ll be left with ashes and minimal coal. This means the heat in your fireplace won’t last long.
Nevertheless, it’s fairly common to use wood waste as fuel for fireplaces. Just make sure that it’s not treated or painted in any way to avoid the possibility of gas poisoning.
Can you cook with 2×4 wood as fuel?
Yes, it’s safe to use untreated 2×4 wood on wood stoves. Still, it’s best to mix it with other wood types to reduce the soot and minimize the size of the fire. Also, mixing it with other wood types will ensure that there will be coal left for your cooking.
Moreover, you should only use wood stoves outdoors. This is to prevent the accumulation of harmful gasses, regardless of the fuel you’re using.
How can you tell if 2×4 is treated?
The smell of the 2×4 timber is the easiest way to know if it has been treated. A strong chemical odor is a sign that the lumber is ‘seasoned’ during the production process.
Another sign is a greenish tint on the wood, which means it’s treated with arsenic. Such treatment is done to kill the wood-boring insects that will try to eat through the 2×4.
Also, it’s important to know your softwoods. Timbers from softwood are wetter than other wood types. This is why some manufacturers have no choice but to pressure-treat the material to extract the sap and boost its longevity.
Take note that not all softwood 2x4s would be pressure-treated. However, it’s important to double-check, especially if you plan to use it as fuel for your fireplace.
If you want to be sure, you can invest in 2×4 hardwood boards. However, these are pricey and would be a waste to burn on a fireplace.
What kind of wood should not be burned in a fireplace?
You have to be very careful with the type of wood you’re burning in your fireplace. Again, it’s a matter of safety and efficacy, especially if you’re stacking up for the winter season. Here are some of the wood types and products to avoid:
- Pressure-treated wood. As mentioned, pressure-treated wood will produce harmful gasses when burned. Particleboard and plywood are just some examples of pressure-treated wood.
- Driftwood. Driftwood is saturated with salt that burning it inside your house will turn it into a toxic substance. It’s best to use it as a decorative piece and not fuel for your fireplace.
- Painted wood. While painted wood isn’t categorically recognized as ‘treated’, you shouldn’t burn it in your fireplace just the same. The chemicals on the paint can produce toxic gasses, which can be trapped inside your home.
- Wood pallets. Wood pallets are easy to come by, especially if you live near warehouses. However, you should never use it as fireplace fuel. This wood is heavy on chemicals necessary to make the material last longer.
- Poisonous wood. The likes of poison oak or poison sumac have no spot in your fireplace. It’s considered poisonous wood due to the oil it contains. When burned, this wood material will release toxic smoke that will cause respiratory problems.
- Oleander. Are you thinking of using oleander wood as kindling? You should know that this shrub is toxic that you should never burn it in your fireplace. Most of all, you should never use it as fuel for your wood stove. The toxic gasses are highly poisonous for humans.
Is 2×4 cheaper than firewood?
In terms of price alone, 2×4 might be cheaper than quality firewood. However, the low cost also equates to poor longevity when burned. Aside from that, some 2x4s produce toxic fumes.
In the end, firewood is still the best choice since it lasts long in the fireplace. You’ll also have peace of mind that your family won’t be exposed to harmful gasses.
Is it okay to burn pine cones in the fireplace?
Yes, it’s safe to burn pine cones in the fireplace or even your wood stove. It’s even a good choice for kindling since it starts a fire fairly well. Also, pine cones produce less smoke than twigs and other kindling materials. Just make sure that the pine cones aren’t treated or exposed to chemicals before burning them.
Can you burn 2×4 in fireplace? The answer is yes, as long as the wood isn’t treated or painted. Still, you should know that this timber isn’t a good choice as firewood. It produces a lot of flames at once and produces minimal coal.
Have you ever burned 2×4 wood in your fireplace? Share your experience below!